Why Does a Cyst Get Infected?

Cysts can become infected due to various factors, and the reasons may depend on the type and location of the cyst. Here are some common reasons why a cyst may get infected:

  1. Bacterial Invasion:
    • Bacteria can enter a cyst through breaks in the skin or other openings in the body.
    • When bacteria invade the cyst, it can lead to an infection.
  2. Obstruction of Ducts or Glands:
    • Cysts often form when ducts or glands become blocked, causing fluid or other substances to accumulate.
    • If the blocked area is not properly drained or if the cyst ruptures, bacteria can enter and cause an infection.
  3. Compromised Immune System:
    • Individuals with weakened immune systems are more susceptible to infections.
    • A weakened immune response may allow bacteria to proliferate within or around a cyst.
  4. Inadequate Personal Hygiene:
    • Poor hygiene practices can contribute to the introduction of bacteria to the skin or mucous membranes.
    • This can increase the risk of infection in cysts located on the skin or in areas with mucous membranes.
  5. Trauma or Injury:
    • Trauma or injury to a cyst can disrupt its integrity and provide a pathway for bacteria to enter.
    • Any break in the skin or tissue can increase the risk of infection.
  6. Foreign Bodies:
    • Presence of foreign materials in or around a cyst can introduce bacteria and lead to infection.
    • This could include dirt, debris, or other substances that come into contact with the cyst.
  7. Poor Blood Circulation:
    • In some cases, cysts may develop in areas with poor blood circulation.
    • Reduced blood flow can compromise the body’s ability to fight off infections, making cysts in these areas more susceptible.

It’s important to note that not all cysts become infected, and some may remain asymptomatic. However, if a cyst shows signs of infection such as redness, swelling, pain, and warmth, or if there is the presence of pus or drainage, it is essential to seek medical attention for proper evaluation and treatment. Infections can be managed with antibiotics, drainage, or other medical interventions as necessary.